Read the following article. Note that Istanbul is now the capital of Turkey. Formerly called Constantinople, it was the
capital of the Byzantine Empire during the latter half of the first millennium. As you read the article, find in the
example of Istanbul indications of the divisions between Eastern and Western cultures and the historical sources of these
Pulled by Two Tides (if link doesn’t work, click here.)
Write an essay to compare the Byzantine and Muslim centers of learning with the Western and Eastern cultural traditions
of Rome and Asia during the first millennium. Consider these questions to guide your writing (Do not simply write a short
answer to each question; you are writing a well-developed, coherent essay.):
Given that the Byzantine and Muslim worlds had so much more in common with Western culture than with Asian cultures, why
are they currently considered Eastern?
How does the article illustrate the historical sources of the modern divisions between Western and Eastern cultural
How were Byzantium and Muslim centers of learning influential in the past?
How are those influences evident today culturally, politically, and in other ways? Provide specific examples.
Why do these influences matter? How do they affect your life?
Be sure to adhere to the following writing guidelines:
Your essay must be between 3-4 pages in length.
Your essay must be double-spaced using 12-point font, with 1-inch margins.
Include your name at the top of the first page.
Proofread your essay to eliminate mechanical and grammatical errors.
For citations, follow APA format.
Save and submit your work to your instructor.