After contemplating your findings with regard to Rome’s aristocratic value-system (which you submitted as a Source Analysis in Week 4) and thinking about the values espoused by Cato the Elder (which you studied in Week 1), discuss to what extent you can see a similarity between the thoughts of Cato and the thoughts of Marius. Can we discern an “ideology of novitas “? In what ways did the protestations of Marius differ in terms of his values from those traditional values of Rome’s aristocracy?
A bibliography of any modern works utilised must be provided.
Novitas is Latin for “newness”. Our word “novelty ” derives from it. A novus homo (“new man”) was the term used either for a man who was the first in his family to reach the Senate or a man who came from a senatorial family but was the first to reach the consulship. In the case of Cato the Elder, Marius and Cicero, we see (the relatively unusual) example of men from outside senatorial families who reached the consulship.