OWNERSHIP OF SHARES

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OWNERSHIP OF SHARES

IN COUNTRIES WITH DISPERSED OWNERSHIP OF SHARES, INDIVIDUAL SHAREHOLDERS WILL OFTEN HAVE LITTLE INCENTIVE TO MONITOR MANAGEMENT BECAUSE THEIR SMALL STAKES IN THE COMPANY GIVE THEM VERY LITTLE POWER TO DO SO. ON THE OTHER HAND, THIS IS COUNTER BALANCED BY THE PRESENCE OF HIGHLY DEVELOPED AND LIQUID EQUITY MARKETS THAT ENABLE THE MINORITY SHAREHOLDER TO EXIT FROM THE COMPANY AND, FURTHERMORE, THE PRESENCE OF LARGE NUMBERS OF SMALL SHAREHOLDERS ALSO MAKES THE COMPANY VULNERABLE TO TAKEOVER OFFERS, THE POSSIBILITY OF WHICH HAS THE EFFECT OF DISCIPLINING MANAGEMENT.” CRITICALLY EVALUATE THIS STATEMENT.]

 




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