Choose one of the following case studies below and explain how the specific biological, psychological, and social factors
as well as cultural forces are interacting to influence the person’s development.
a.) Briana is 22 years old. She just graduated from college and started her first professional career as a teacher. She
is getting married in six months and just found out that she is pregnant. Her parents are very conservative, however, so
she is very stressed over how they are going to react.
b.) Erika is 10 years old. Most of her friends are overweight, but her family is very health conscious so Erika
understands the importance of exercise and a healthy diet. Erika is very healthy in comparison to her peers and wants to
teach them the how to be healthier.
Chapter 2 Short Answer
Read the scenario of Jonathan below and use your understanding of operant conditioning to modify Jonathan’s behavior.
Jonathan is 10 years old. He likes playing video games, riding his bike and eating pizza. He also dislikes washing
dishes, doing his homework, and eating vegetables. He is currently failing his math class. He says that it is “boring”
and that he is “not good at math”. In addition, he has been having behavioral issues. Almost every week, his parents get
a phone call from his teacher telling them about his misbehavior.
a.) Give an example of how negative reinforcement could be used to increase his math grades.
b.) Give an example of how negative punishment could be used to decrease his bad behavior at school.
c.) Give an example of how positive reinforcement could be used to increase his math grades.
d.) Give an example of how positive punishment could be used to decrease his bad behavior at school.
Chapter 3 Short Answer
Brian is 24 years old. He was born with Down Syndrome and is currently living with his parents who assist him with his
day to day routine. Although Brian suffers from an intellectual disability, he has found a job as a parking lot attendant
that he enjoys. His parents recently found out about a college program that is designed for people with Down Syndrome.
They really want Brian to enroll in the program, but Brian is anxious about the decision because he did not enjoy the
time he spent in school as a child.
Identify the biological, psychological, and social factors that are interacting to influence Brian’s development.