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Starbucks Coffee Company

Starbucks Coffee Company




Institutional Affiliation


Starbucks Coffee Company

Starbucks Mission is “to inspire and nurture the human spirit one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time.”  This statement reveals what the firm does to keep on surviving on a daily basis. The company values incorporate all stakeholders of the enterprise that is customers, partners and their product these values are;

·         “Creating a culture of warmth and belonging, where everyone is welcome.

·         Acting with courage, challenging the status quo and finding new ways to grow our company and each other.

·         Being present, connecting with transparency, dignity, and respect.

·         Delivering our very best in all we do, holding ourselves accountable for results.  ” (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Starbuck mission statement can be drawn from the mission and value statements of the company this can be defined as; to set up Starbucks as the leader of the finest coffee on the globe while keeping up their uncompromising standards as they grow. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

 Starbucks attains its core values and mission through inspiration starting from it employees to other stakeholders to the business. The maintain a small culture that ensures there is respect and serves the best quality of coffee and acting with courage when encountered with challenges as they aspire to be the leading company offering coffee. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Starbuck Corporate Social Responsibility CSR

The firm’s CSR includes three major headings these being the community, environment and ethical sourcing.




Starbucks main social responsibility to the community is to create pathways for opportunities this starts from the community around the stores to those where their coffee is grown. Starbucks invests in opportunities in these communities to ensure that they grow.  Starbuck engages in activities that ensure communities are able to improve this is done by giving youth opportunities, for instance, getting them trained to get necessary skills that will enable them to be productive citizens. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Starbuck also ensures that there is inclusion and diversity this is because the business is community centered and its growth and survival depends on the cultural diversity of humanity. The business understands that everyone brings a different thing to the table. The firm's partners are diverse in many aspects that are gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability, religion, and age.  Embracing diversity improves the culture of the organization and its success. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Development of communities growing coffee, Starbucks invests in programs that are designed to improve the economic and social status of these communities. Supporting these communities including providing training to farmers, giving loans to the farmers and engaging with the communities to help them improve by working together with other organizations, for instance, nongovernmental. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Community service; Starbucks engages with the community to make their surrounding’s better.  From their partners to the community around the stores they help people to connect and work towards shared goals that enable community development by participating in projects that align with the communities’ interest. The firm also creates opportunities for the youth by creating education, training and employments opportunities. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)


            Recycle and Waste reduction; Starbucks is keen on ensuring that it leaves the minimal environmental footprints as much as possible. They ensure that their coffees are served using recyclable materials which can be reused and reduce the waste in the environment. They manage to protect the environment through collaboration, innovation and taking actions that facilitate environmental protection. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

            Water and Energy Conservation; to realize this reality Starbucks have strived to build stores and facilities that are able to conserve energy and water. Reducing water consumption in their stores is a major factor and putting targets has seen them improve on how they conserve water. The water conservation efforts also extend to protection and access to drinking water in all the communities growing coffee around the world. Energy conservation is through the use of energy conservation management systems which enable optimization of energy consumption and also provide knowledge on areas that can be improved to reduce energy consumption even further. Starbucks sets targets that they aim to ensure that they are able to reduce energy consumption. Investing in renewable energy source is also an avenue used by Starbucks to make sure that they reduce their environmental impact. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

            Use of LEED(Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certified stores, and this also provides a means for Starbucks to reduce further the environmental impacts coming from their stores. These buildings are green buildings that enable reduction of the environmental footprint by allowing reduction of energy and water consumptions, by implementing this in their store they are striving in reducing environmental impact. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

            Strategies to address climate change, Starbucks has been implementing strategies and taking actions that ensure that they reduce climate change. This is done through the use of energy-efficient stores and implementation and use of renewable energy. Reduction of greenhouse gas emission is also considered by encouraging the use of alternative means of energy. This effort extends to the communities growing coffees and other agricultural products around the world by training them on the best methods of farming which ensure that they do not lead to environmental degradation. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Ethical Sourcing

            Starbuck understands that the success of the company depends on the success of its partners, suppliers, and farmers. By helping these communities and individuals, they are able to ensure sustainability of the business. Starbucks is committed to offering the highest quality of products that have been ethically sourced or produced. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Coffee; Starbucks uses an ethical criterion for sourcing its coffee. They ensure use of recommended practices during purchase; they support farmers to make sure that they are able to meet social, economic and environmental standards. Starbucks also engage in community development programs and technical collaboration. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Starbucks uses Coffee and Farmer Equity Practices that give guidelines in four major things these being Product qualities, Economic Accountability and Transparency, social responsibilities and Environmental Leadership.  All these ensure that coffee is of high quality, payments are done properly and how much gets to the farmer, prohibition of child and forced labor and compliance of minimum wage requirements and finally ensures that the environment is not damaged. Starbucks also ensure that they practice support for long-term productivity of coffee farms through renovation and replanting. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Tea; Starbucks is determined to ensure that their tea is ethically sourced as well. They work with Ethical Tea Partnership, and this ensures that they are committed to long term strategies which support farmers and everybody else in the chain of supply. It also ensures that tea is produced ethical and that social responsibilities are taken. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Cocoa; Starbucks is determined to ensure that the cocoa beans are sourced ethical through proper means which have been verified, the supply chain must be understood, and the information is used to ensure sustainability of producers and customers. This, in turn, contributes positively to the communities and the environment. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Manufactured Goods; everything that is sourced by Starbucks must meet certain criteria that have been set. These measures ensure that all the goods purchased by Starbucks reflect their commitment towards social responsibility and environmental protection. Their supplier must share their values and standards in ethical sourcing, and this informs Starbucks decision-making process about their sources good. They help their suppliers to meet the standard requirement where they have failed. (Starbucks Coffee Company, 2017)

Corporate culture is an important issue in business. Thus, Starbucks should take focus on culture as it affects the performance and output of an organization. According to research done by Kaplan, Melian, Dollar, Wong & Van Durme, (2016) on global human capital trends found that 82% of their respondents believed that culture is a possible competitive advantage in business. This is a view that leadership styles and reward systems directly impacts customer satisfactions, employees retention, organization performance and employee engagement. Hence change in corporate culture in an organization is a major factor that is not only taken by the human resources department but the whole organization starting from the managers. Change in corporate culture can, therefore, impact on Starbucks strategies and CSR.

For an organization to remain stable and sustainable, it is imperative for it to extend its product life circle by communicating its CSR. Organizations that need to do well set themselves targets and goal in view of business procedures on the most proficient method to be ahead and additionally to constantly stay aggressive. This could be accomplished through item lifecycle, which manages how their items and administrations offer at a given period and specialist change as far as deals over a given timeframe. This reverberates with administration patterns. In this manner, organizations could expand the lifecycle of their items and administrations by making valid their CSR duty, and possible business choices. (Nwagbara & Reid, 2013). Changing environment of business, therefore, requires that Starbucks to constantly strategies on the best ways to ensure that it remain sustainable by implementing CSR that will ensure that they provide quality products and maintain positive relationships with its partners in a socially responsible manner.

Another thing that impacts CSR is Innovation, which can be described as a development  which is about imaginative obliteration, which inheres in realigning the old to fit into present substances in business. Associations that always recharge their administration systems as per administration patterns are generally more aggressive than others. According to Nwagbara & Reid (2013) considerable measure of overviews and studies has been done that bolster the requirement for firms to recharge their aptitudes, information, and systems for creative thoughts that bring development. Advancement could be shut, open, incremental, steady or problematic.

Regardless of the measurement of it, advancement is a central, vital device in the current worldwide business arrange for aggressiveness. Along these lines, a reexamination of firms' CSR correspondences channels will be invaluable, as they open up various channels and stages through which different partners could connect with to maintain a strategic distance from feedback. This will in the last examination affect decidedly on Associations' corporate notoriety, and market picks up. (Nwagbara & Reid, 2013)

For Starbucks to remain relevant to the current environment, it must, therefore, constantly realign its business strategy with the current trends and in the process also update its CSR to ensure that they avoid criticism. At the same time, they will be able to deliver more efficiently to their promise of quality products and regarding all of its stakeholders. It will also allow Starbucks to maintain its high standards in acquiring its products ethically.

Starbucks must address the interests of various governments as partners, considering the organization's worldwide presence. By and large, Starbucks consents to guidelines and controls. The issue of government and regulations present a lot of possible ethical issues that may face Starbucks. Government and other authorities always change regulations governing business, and this may impact or conflict with Starbucks strategies. For instance, Starbucks do follow the rules nonetheless; the organization has been scrutinized for tax avoidance in Europe. Starbucks utilizes a system of areas in various European nations to adventure impose points of interest. At present, quite a bit of this framework stays, with Starbucks paying very minimum tax in the UK.  In this manner, the organization's extensive CSR endeavors can be enhanced to address this partner assemble or otherwise the company may continue to face this criticism on how it is conducting its business. (Thompson, 2017) These kinds of issues may tarnish the company image as not being ethical in the way it is conducting some of its operations.

Starbucks Coffee Company's partner administration methodologies depend on various projects for CSR. The organization is a backer of CSR developments, particularly those relating to maintainability in business. With regards to corporate social obligation, Starbucks needs to represent the requests or interests of partners, on the grounds that the organization is seen as an association for a benefit, as well as a subject of society. Consequently, the firm should add to the change of society. Starbucks has effectively executed different corporate social obligation programs for its partners. The current stable brand and a corporate picture of Starbucks demonstrates the association's endeavors to incorporate partners in its systems and achievement. (Thompson, 2017)

Starbucks inclusion of its employees and partners in its strategy and success for instance by giving a scholarship to its employees the firm is able to have highly skilled employees who feel that they are appreciated and in turn, they are committed to the company. By engaging in community services programs, the company is viewed by its client and the community as minding their welfare they will then, in turn, be more encourage to buy Starbucks products.



Nwagbara, U., & Reid, P. (2013). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and management trends: Changing times and changing strategies. Econ. Insights Trends Chall65, 12-19.

Kaplan, M., Melian, V., Dollar, B., Wong, J., & Van Durme, Y. (2016). Shape culture. DU Press. Retrieved 23 February 2017, from

Starbucks Coffee Company,. (2017). Corporate Social Responsibility |Starbucks Mission Statement. Starbucks Coffee Company. Retrieved 23 February 2017, from

Thompson, A. (2017). Starbucks Coffee’s Stakeholders: A CSR Analysis - Panmore Institute. Panmore Institute. Retrieved 23 February 2017, from


Starbucks Coffee Company,. (2017). Mission Statement. Starbucks Coffee Company. Retrieved 23 February 2017, from

Art and Entertainment

Art and Entertainment

            Silver art and entertainment event is as different as its indigenous. It’s home to broadly perceived craftsmen, artists, producers, painters, authors, and substantially more. It is an event meant to promote art and music, provide a platform for talented young individuals to showcase their music and artistic work. It is the event purpose and intention to help young people to learn and get inspire from well-renowned musicians and other artisans. The events also have competitions for individual to enter so they can compete in the fields of their choice or areas of their talent and passion. During the event audiences are taken through the stream of art and music history thus, they can appreciate the changes in the industry.2

            The objectives of the event include an array of things concerning art music and culture these are; Stress the significance of craftsmanship and music to the person as the premise for culture protection in the society. Highlight the one of a kind commitment of craftsmanship and music towards economic and personal development. Appreciation of cultural diversity and Intercultural interaction. Underscore the reasonable estimations of all conventions and societies through music and art. Finally taking into consideration a one of a kind presentation of the distinctive approaches towards arts and music.1

            The silver event targets all type of audiences, but majorly it is targeting the young people, art and music schools and college students,  the general public who are interested in art and music. The event is made in a way to accommodate all members of the society that is silver is an event for the whole family. The event also eyes on music and art companies who contract artist since the event is meant for exposing young, new and untapped talents to the world.  The event aims at prominent artists and musicians to come and be role models for the underground. Thus, the event is an open public event designed to promote art and music.1

 The event will be running every last Friday of every month this day is suitable since Friday is associated with entertainment after a long week of work at the same time people will be able to spend on this day given it is at the end of the month hence still have some money left to spend on entertainment. The event will be starting at 4 pm until midnight. This time is suitable given that most individuals have left their place of work.1

            The primary event stakeholder are; the event manager, safety and security manager and marketing and sales manager. For the external stakeholders they are sponsors, exhibitors and audience other interest groups are also included.1

 The event venue is at the central park the enclosed arena at the center of the city. This place is ideal since it is spacious enough to accommodate a large number of people comfortable and the fence ensures that security is not a big deal. The park also has adequate social amenities like public toilets. The central location of the park means easy access to all people. The event entrance fee is just $ 10 for adults and half for the kids hence it is affordable.1

 The concept of the event is to provide a venue for talented young people to showcase their artistic work and music to the public and the fees paid by the public is, in turn, to organize for the event and taking care of any other costs associated with the event planning and management. The product of the event is the appreciation of diverse artistic and music talent and sponsorships for the talented young people.2


1.Wild Apricot, “How to Plan an Event,” Wild Apricot. Accessed Mar 30, 2016,

2.Visit the Philippine year, Music, Arts and entertainment, Visit the Philippine year (2015) 

Philosophy;Aristotle Views on Morality

Student’s Name 

Professor’s Name



Aristotle Views on Morality

Aristotle is a product of Plato teaching and school of thought however, he did not agree with Plato on his theories of morality. Aristotle takes a different approach towards morality and ethics of which he explains in his ethic theory i.e. Nichomachean Ethics. According to Aristotle morals or virtues are habits and that good life is as a result of mindless daily routine. (Sachs, Joe)

These understandings of Aristotle's morals are the consequence of uncertain interpretations from the antiquated Greek content. Aristotle utilizes the word hexis to signify moral uprightness. However, the word does not only mean latent habituation. Or maybe, hexis is a flexible changing condition, a state in which something must viably hold itself. Judiciousness, subsequently, shows itself, all things considered. More unequivocally, an action considers reasonable, as shown by Aristotle, when an individual’s holds oneself in a relentless amicability of the soul, in order to pick the action intentionally and for its own particular reason. This supported amicability of the brain is the thing that constitutes character. (Sachs, Joe)
Aristotle repeatedly in the Nichomachean Ethics indicates that morality to be a mean. The mean is a state of light and tension in the midst of joys and desolation that empower one to judge what has all the earmarks of being most truly stunning or testing. This dynamic state of the soul is the conditions in which each one of the powers of the soul are crushing without end in appear. Achieving extraordinary character is a methodology of tending to without end the issues that impede the full ampleness of the soul (Sachs, Joe)

For Aristotle, moral goodness is the main viable street to successful activity. What the individual of good character adores with right craving and considers as an end with right reason should first be seen as wonderful. Thus, the ethical individual sees really and judges appropriately, since wonderful things show up as they genuinely are just to a man of good character. It is just in the centre ground between propensities for acting and standards of activity that the spirit can enable right yearning and right motivation to show up, as the immediate and characteristic reaction of a free person to seeing the delightful. (Sachs, Joe)

The central issue for Aristotle is the subject of character or personality what does it take for a unique individual to be a nice person? Each activity has a last cause, the considerable at which it focuses, and Aristotle battled that since there can't be an unending backslide of just outward stock, there must be a most significant incredible at which all human development in the long run points. This end of human life could be called euphoria or living outstandingly, clearly, yet what is it genuinely? Neither the standard contemplations of pleasure, wealth, and regard nor the philosophical speculation of structures give a palatable record of this outrageous goal, since even individuals who pick up the material stock or achieve academic learning might have not achieved happiness. (Kemerling, Garth)

As demonstrated by Aristotle, things of any collection have a trademark work that they are honestly utilized to achieve certain things effectively. The valuable for people, by then, ought to essentially incorporate the entire honest to goodness limit of human life all things considered, and this must be an activity of the soul that conveys real balance or splendour. Along these lines, individuals ought to go for a presence in full likeness with their observing natures; for this, the satisfaction of wishes and the acquiring of material items are less basic than the achievement of judiciousness. A bright individual will demonstrate a character reasonably balanced among reasons and desires, with control portraying all. In this sense, in any occasion, righteousness is its own particular reward. Honest to goodness happiness can in this way be proficient directly through the improvement of the moderation's that make a human life wrap up. (Kemerling, Garth)

Since morals are practical instead of a hypothetical science, Aristotle moreover gave mindful idea to the parts of human intuition required in acting and enduring good obligation. Moral appraisal of an action assumes the attribution of commitment to a human administrator. Nevertheless, in particular conditions, this attribution would not be fitting. Tried and true movement must be endeavoured wilfully, on Aristotle's view (Kemerling, Garth)

Human activities are involuntary under two unmistakable conditions: First, activities that are delivered by some outer constraint or, maybe, under an outrageous coercion from outside the specialist are taken involuntarily, and the operator is not in charge of them. Along these lines, in the event that somebody gets my arm and uses it to strike a third individual, I can't sensibly be pointed the finger at ethically for what my arm has done.        Second, activities performed out of numbness are additionally involuntary. In this manner, on the off chance that I swing my arm for exercise and strike the outsider who is standing close-by, on the other hand I can't be considered in charge of having struck that individual. Notice that the kind of numbness Aristotle will view as exculpatory is dependably of absence of consciousness of significant particulars. Striking other individuals while asserting to be insensible of the ethical run under which it is not right to do as such would not give any reason on Aristotle standpoint. (Kemerling, Garth)

It can therefore be observed that , choices to act wilfully depend upon consultation about the decision among elective activities that the individual could perform. Amid the deliberative procedure, singular activities are assessed in light of the great, and the best among them is then decided for usage. Under these conditions, Aristotle gathered, moral activities are inside our energy to perform or maintain a strategic distance from; thus, we can sensibly be considered in charge of them and their results. Similarly as with soundness of the body, temperance of the spirit is a propensity that can be obtained at any rate to a limited extent as the aftereffect of our own decisions. (Kemerling, Garth)

In spite of the fact that the ethics are propensities for acting or auras to act in certain ways, Aristotle kept up that these propensities are procured by participating in legitimate direct on particular events and that doing as such requires contemplating what one does particularly. Neither illustrative learning of the sort utilized in science nor tasteful judgment of the sort connected in creates are applicable to profound quality. (Kemerling, Garth)It can be said that Aristotle approach to ethic is somehow radical and brings a lot of ideas and perspectives to what is known as moral.


Kemerling, Garth. "Aristotle: Ethics". Philosophypages.Com, 2011,


Sachs, Joe. "Aristotle: Ethics". Iep.Utm.Edu,

Differentiated Lesson Plan

Differentiated Lesson Plan

In a class setting, there are variable types of student portraying different characters in this paper I choose five students with different abilities and character in order to develop a differentiated lesson plan that will ensure that all of the students varying needs in a class are met. These students are as described below;

Nerd, he has above average knowledge. He is frequently seen as various or idiosyncratic and seems, by all accounts, to be physically youthful for his age. This makes him an objective for harassing. He has a one of a kind intrigues contrasted with his companions and is frequently focused on those hobbies. (Derrick, 2014)

Unmotivated, she is normally languid. She doesn't have the drive to succeed scholastically. She is just there because she must be. By and large, she doesn't have the critical parental backing at home to be fruitful. She baffles educators since she has colossal potential, yet decline to finish or turn in assignments. (Derrick, 2014)

Smart Aleck, This understudy is to a great degree mocking, pugnacious, and fierce. He questions or remark on everything that anybody including the educator says. He is sharp-witted and can react rapidly to any circumstance. He suffers Comprehension deficit. (Derrick, 2014;Moats, & Tolman, 2009)

Bully, He regularly singles out understudies who either can't or won't shield themselves. He is frequently surpassing unreliable person who preys on weaker people. He is physical, verbal, and digital domineering jerk as well. He suffers from a phonological deficit.  (Derrick, 2014; Moats, & Tolman, 2009)

Finally, we have a motivated student, although she is handicapped, she is to a significant degree diligent student with particular objectives that she is attempting to accomplish. She is typically brilliant; however she can ordinarily beat any learning issue through careful work. Teachers’ affection to have her in class since she is anxious to learn, makes inquiries and does anything to achieve her objectives. (Derrick, 2014)

The subject selected is cultural studies which have five lessons but for this paper, I will highlight on two lesson plans that are; Culture and Values and Understanding Your Identity lessons.



Investigating what understudies consider being run of the mill U.S. social qualities while contrasting them with their recognitions.


Understudies will have the capacity to:

·         Gotten to be mindful of what are viewed as a normal U.S. cultural qualities.

·         Create necessary deduction when contrasting them with their view of U.S. society


Time: 30 minutes


·         Board or flip-graph prepared with the take-home task rules (see beneath)

·         Duplicates of Exercise Chart – PDF: 1 for every understudy

·         Duplicates of Contrasting Values Chart – PDF: 1 for every understudy


Regular Core Standards:

Ø  11-12.RH.4Decide the significance of words and expressions as they are utilized as a part of the content, including breaking down how a creator uses and refines the importance of a key term through the span of content. (Engageny)


Educational Goals:

·         Comprehend the ideas of "Society" and intercultural adjustment

·         Social learning and mindfulness: To end up more mindful of their way of life and perceive its impact on their conduct



1.      Give every understudy an Exercise Chart and request that they round out the diagram as showed.

2.      When they are done, experience every column and ask your understudies what they replied. This procedure ought to in a perfect world begin a class discourse. Make sure to touch on all things of the rundown.


3.      Once you've secured every one of the focuses, hand out the Contrasting Values Chart.

4.      Request that your understudies are set up a short exposition in which they examine the distinctions and similitudes between their reactions and the outline.


Homework assignment rules (to be composed on the flip-diagram)

Thing per Item, please depict:

1. The distinction (if any) between what you wrote in the Exercise Chart and what the Contrasting Values Chart appears.

2. The similitude (if any) between what you wrote in the Exercise Chart and what the Contrasting Values Chart appears.

3. Which one of the two, if any, you consider the right one.

4. Clarify why you think that the right one: kindly do these giving a genuine illustration to bolster your statement.




There are numerous, elements and traits that influence the way we distinguish ourselves. Components, for example, our experience, society, race, and ethnicity have an essential part in our personality. Connecting these variables together will give understudies their very own superior comprehension character. The motivation behind this session is to make a dialog for the understudies keeping in mind the end goal to offer them some assistance with finding associations on how their experience, culture, and race have impacted how they recognize themselves.



Understudies will have the capacity to:

·         Perceive way of life as a social build

·         Portray encounters that have formed their personality


·         Recognize the part that foundation, society, and ethnicity have in your particular character 

·         Talk about if media assumes a part

·         Make determinations on how their encounters vary and identify with their companions


Time: 30 minutes



·         Blurb Board


Common  Core Standards:

Ø  11-12.RH.7: Incorporate and assess numerous wellsprings of data displayed in assorted configurations and media (e.g., outwardly, quantitatively, and also in words) keeping in mind the end goal to address an inquiry or take care of an issue.

Ø  11-12.RH.4     Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including analyzing how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term over the course of a text. (Engageny)


Educational Goals:

Social Realm:

·         To wind up more mindful of their way of life and perceive its impact on their conduct and mentalities

·         To comprehend the ideas of "society" and intercultural adjustment.



1.      Structure understudies in gatherings

2.      Have understudies build up their meaning of personality

3.      Break down contrasts/likenesses in how understudies' recognize themselves

4.      Talk about why they recognize themselves along these lines

5.      Talk with relatives to perceive how they recognize themselves

6.      Present their discoveries.


Derrick, M. (2014). Personality Types of Students in a Typical Classroom. About education. Retrieved from

Engageny . New York P-12 common core learning standards. Retrieved from

Moats, L. & Tolman, C. (2009). Excerpted from Language Essentials for Teachers of Reading and Spelling (LETRS): The Challenge of Learning to Read (Module 1). Boston: Sopris West.

Death Penalty

Death Penalty


Institutional Affiliation




Death Penalty

The capital punishment or execution is a penalty of a man by the legal procedure as a discipline for an offense. Wrongdoings that can lead to capital punishment are known as capital wrongdoings or capital crimes. Capital punishment has been a significantly wrangled about the subject for quite some years the inquiry is it truly justified and does it accomplish its intended purpose to the administration and the public.

The advocates of capital punishment that including administration utilizing capital punishment say it is an imperative apparatus for saving peace, prevents wrongdoing, and costs not as much as life detainment. They contend that reprisal respects the casualty, comforts lamenting families, and guarantees that the culprits of shocking wrongdoings never have a chance to bring about the future disaster. While, adversaries of the death penalty disagree for impediment effect on wrongdoing. Therefore, it allows administrations  the loop hole to take human life which is wrongly, in addition  maintains social injustices by unreasonably concentrating on ethnic minorities that are the supremacist in addition to persons who can't afford to hire good lawyers. They say lifetime correctional facility sentences are a more severe and less costly discipline than death.

For instance, according to (2016) That capital punishment is racially one-sided, the article says that after 1977, the bigger piece of death segment defendants 77% have been sentenced due to murdering white victims , in spite of the way that African-Americans make up around a segment of all the wrongdoing victims. It likewise discovered that capital punishment is not an obstruction to wrongdoing which they alluded to FBI information that in the year 2008 which appeared 14 states without the capital punishment had killing rates at or beneath the national rate.

An article by (2016).which was indicating statistics revolving around capital punishment found out that about 96% of states which audits of race and executions were carried out; there was an example of either race-of-casualty or race-of-litigant segregation or even both. The article also looked at the cost of associated with the death penalty in different states and found out that in Kansas the Barrier expense of the death penalty touched base at a midpoint of about $400,000 per trial, different from $100,000 per circumstance where  capital punishment was not searched for. While in California it was found that the obligation of the capital punishment was over $4 billion in the California state, this is in view of preliminary costs, expense of programmed requests, pretrial, habeas corpus petitions by state, obligation of administration habeas corpus offers, and expenses of incarceration of death punishment sentence. Also in Maryland, a standard the death sentencing trial realizing capital crime penalty costs generally three million dollars. Approving the capital sentencing resulted to $51 million in obligation in Florida above the expense to repel all first-degree executioners of life sentencing with no opportunity to advance within a year. In light of the 44 sentences Florida conducted consequent to 1976, which aggregates expense amounting to $24 million per sentencing.

Dieter, (2016) found out that The U.S. is as of now a gathering to various basic human rights settlements that affect the death penalty. Considerably, U.S.A. therefore limited its judicial system from some of controversial prompt impacts brought by such settlements through either reservations or summoning family legislation. Regardless, America focus on basic human rights gauges of these courses of action in addition; these agreements and policies can be used as starting stage to changing in addition to constraining capital punishment towards human rights perspective.

Capital punishment has little justification and evidence proves that the administration is to spend more when processing capital punishment case. The application of death sentence is not a deterrent to crime, and it has been seen as a ground for racism in the judicial system finally it is, in fact, a human right violation.



References (2016). Retrieved 11 June 2016, from (2016). Retrieved 11 June 2016 from


Dieter, R. (2016). The Death Penalty and Human Rights: U.S. Death Penalty and International Law (1st ed.). Retrieved from

Differences between a direct and a representative democracy

Differences between a direct and a representative democracy


Institutional Affiliation

            The term, democracy, starts from the Greek: dēmokratía, which remains for the guideline of the general population. Democracy system is a kind of government by the general population; a type of government in which the superior force is vested in the general population and practiced specifically by them or by their chosen operators under a free discretionary framework. In a democratic government, each is equivalent, and they have the privilege to work to bolster them and to climb or down the social stepping stool. (Schumpeter, 2013) There are different sorts of democracy for instance;

            Direct democracy; residents have immediate and dynamic cooperation in the choice making of the legislature. Here, the overall population decides the laws and approaches through which the general population will be administered. Every subject has one vote they can cast either in support or illegal. Each resident plays an immediate and dynamic part in an immediate majority rules system, consequently the name. Direct vote based system is likewise some of the time called "unadulterated majority rules system," as it is the purest type of vote-based system, in which individuals have the privilege to choose their laws and government. (Schumpeter, 2013)

            Representative democracy natives remain the sovereign power however political force is practiced in a roundabout way through chose agents. Here, individuals choose officers who are tasked with making laws and approaches. The chose representatives vote on the issue instead of people in general. The chose agents should mirror the will of most of the general population. They shouldn't carry on their private motivation. In any case, that does some of the time happen. The delegates display a perspective to the general population keeping in mind the end goal to get chose, however then they tend to bolster another perspective after their decision, in some cases the totally inverse perspective. (Schumpeter, 2013)




Schumpeter, J. A. (2013). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. Routledge.

Fashion and Design commercial viability

Fashion and Design commercial viability


Institutional Affiliation




Fashion and Design commercial viability

        Return on initial capital investment suggests that for a venture, a return must be there: that is a Newtonian method for taking a gander at things, it expect that any activity has a proportionate response. In some cases, however, the answer comes in another structure as the first activity which with venture regularly is likened to cash and this is the means by which I would approach ROI on outline: rather than measuring money related return or increases, similar to turnover build, gross edge increment or other comparable properties.

            The late venture richness around style brands is an emotional takeoff from the position that numerous expert speculators took even only a couple of years prior. In those days, they said there was a lot of "design" danger and that without unsurprising and stable income streams; their same utilized venture methodologies were untenable. Presently, with more cash battling for less venture open doors, it appears to be quite a bit of this knowledge has been tossed out the window.

            Although it a fact that Originator organizations of all sizes face hindrances in acquiring subsidizing. The financing hole for business people has been very much recorded and stems at first from their abnormal state of universe's resources. The estimation of creator style items is gathered in the configuration and the brand, and in the head of the organizer originator. Assurance of outline is troublesome, if not inconceivable, for both miniaturized scale and small organizations; even after a brand has built up itself, the configuration mark just bears some security. This way, speculators confront a particularly abnormal state of danger. Advancement Fund for style is dissuaded by the troubles of gathering speculation comes back from the profoundly visual data serious products typified by a top of the line style. Furthermore, form planner organizations like cutting edge business people might exhibit a constrained capacity to make an interpretation of creative plans into effective groups. An absence of formal hierarchical and administrative capability hinders potential financial specialists. (Neri, 2008)

            Regardless, designer organizations have a potential point of preference for different ventures.  Numerous speculators see a component of style in being included in a creator business, contrasted with other investment, support and permitting opportunities. A few speculators said they put resources into a name since style is 'cool, perfect, energizing, and the sky is the limit from there stylish.' Be that as it may, speculators from new foundations can put the creator off guard, since growing a business requires great critical administration and new systems and additionally cash. (Neri, 2008)

            The global attire corporate sector was esteemed at US$1.7 trillion in 2012 and utilizes roughly 75 million individuals. Clothing and material are among of the universes biggest commercial enterprises. Complete Global clothing fares are worth around USD 412 billion (2011) and worldwide material fares USD 294 billion (Global fashion industry statistics)

            The ladies' clothing market mirrors great movement as we watch the same move towards quickly developing markets. For attire brands and retailers the rebalancing is surprising news as the worldwide ladies' clothing market development rate will increment by 50 percent throughout the following 12 years. Verifiably the business sector has developed at a little more than 3 percent for each year; by 2025, the development rate is required to approach 5 percent for every year. In many markets the development rate will back off, and the quickening is driven by the expanding weight of developing markets in the aggregate. (Nathalie, Jennifer, Charlotte and Maggie)

Emerging markets represent 37 percent of ladies' mid-market attire today, yet by 2025, their offer is relied upon to ascend to more than 50 percent. Amid this time, these business sectors will have grown three times speedier than mature markets. This pattern is happening for mid-business sector and extravagance attire. In 2004, developing nations had an offer of just around 7 percent in the extravagance clothing market; today they represent 14 percent of the business sector, and by 2025 they will have roughly 25 percent of it. It merits bringing up that for nations such as China and Russia; the nearby number might underrepresent the significance of the Chinese and Russian purchasers because of their extreme shopping when voyaging internationally. With the imperative special cases of China and Russia, the ladies' extravagance clothing business sector is and will remain a full developed markets amusement for the following decade. (Nathalie, Jennifer, Charlotte and Maggie)

Style Industry Creates High-Paying Jobs for instance in America clothing fabricating industry utilizes more than 144,000 laborers. While there are still occupations, for example, sewing machine administrators, tailors, and material machine administrators who win lower wages, today's assembling employments incorporate various higher-paying occupations. These incorporate statistical surveying examiners and showcasing authorities, who gain $59,750 every year by and large, and PC experts, who win $67,110  by and large. Additionally inside of the creation stages, fabric and attire design creators gain a typical of $53,800. This is sufficient proof that the fashion and design industry is worth investing in. (JEC, 2015)

Further As indicated by the New York City Economic Development Corporation, an expected 900 style organizations have their base camp in New York City and the city is the biggest retail advertise in the nation, creating more than $15 billion in yearly deals. This figure shows a vibrant industry which is worth a risk in investing . (JEC, 2015)





Joint Economic Committee US. Congress (Feb. 6, 2015).The Economic Impact of the Fashion Industry

Nathalie,R., Jennifer, S., Charlotte, W. and Maggie, L. Unleashing fashion  Growth city by city retrieved from

Neri, K.(2008) The UK Designer Fashion Economy Value relationships identifying barriers and creating opportunities for business growth.

Global fashion industry statistics - International apparel. Retrieved from



Communicating Emotions

Communicating Emotions


 Institutional Affiliation

Communicating Emotions

            People use dialect to make a stream of discussion between each other so as to support connections. Many individuals impart their emotions toward others in some postural changes, outward appearances, and nonverbal sounds. Feelings might be seen as subjective, and cognizant encounters described primarily by psychophysiological expressions, natural responses, furthermore mental states.

            With regards to speaking with individuals in our everyday lives, numerous individuals think there is only talking and listening to the next persons in the imparting process. Be that as it may, a few feelings are easy or hard to impart. For instance, I found it easy to communicate emotions of happiness, surprise and fear. Expressing happiness is easy and comes naturally I feel rejuvenated and delighted something I always find difficult to hide or pretend about. On the other hand communicating disgust, sadness and anger have proven to be an uphill to me. The reason being that negativity always makes me feel dual; energy drained and loss of focus also comes with it.

In my daily life, some of the emotions are difficult or easy to express. Emotions that are positive in nature come out naturally in me. I can tell stories of past pleasant events with lots of relaxation. But negative emotions have always proven to be difficult thus, communicating these emotions will open the conduits; the feelings will be overpowering and never stop. For example, it is basic in the event that I begin crying, my shreds will never dry. Furthermore, if I express feeling outraged, I will get so on edge, close down and not have the capacity to work. Therefore, I always shy of sharing my sad emotions to people, and I stay away from, disregard or push down these feelings. This just makes feelings feel like monsters in a storeroom.

Outward appearances, the manner of speaking and non-verbal communication were all included in my communication. At the point when outward appearances are distinguished, this denoted the viability or incapability of the communication. There are distinctive types of outward appearances that affected the correspondence, and they are; grinning, grimacing, eye developments and eye contact. And from the entire variables I used to express myself, my partner was able to identify correctly three emotions in our communication namely; disgust, surprise, and happiness. Reasons being that facial changes grasped jaw, fixed cheek and temple muscles, setting the muscles around the eyes with the goal that they open more extensive or close all the more, granulating or gripping teeth, slackening and fixing around the mouth were unmistakably recognizable to my partner and he could identify my emotions correctly.

However my partner was unable to determine the emotions I so call negative emotions referring to disgust, sadness, and anger. The reason being, when I encounter these feelings, there are no adjustments in my body. What's more, sometimes individuals experience difficulty detecting my body changes. To manage my negative emotions, I have needed to learn well at recognizing what is happening in my body. Along these lines, the pass on body changes is difficult to distinguish effectively since they are learned and not normally happening. Thus, my partner couldn't identify them correctly.

I communicated my emotions by outward appearances, words and activities include body changes, for example, tensing and unwinding muscles which incorporate facial changes, held jaw, fixed cheek and temple muscles, fixing the muscles around the eyes with the goal that they open more extensive or close all the more, granulating or gripping teeth, relaxing and fixing around the mouth. I combined these body movements and expression the reasons being that the most imperative elements of emotions are to communicate. To convey something, emotions must be expressed. Infrequently, on the off chance that I have not figured out how to express my feelings, I might believe am imparting yet the other individual isn't getting it. This can bring about misconception.

Things, for example, tone, pitch, clamor, the length of time, inflection and rhythm, voice quality, talking style and discourse clarity, and accent can all emit nonverbal prompts. Noteworthy data is given by a man's voice and voice designs. Also, feelings influence these variables in unexpected ways. Case in point misery can make the vocalic to go low to showcase the troublesome minute an individual is experiencing at a given moment.


It is evident that emotions can be either response to occasions in the earth or things inside a man, and verbal and non-verbal correspondences relate to each other. A talked message triggers non-verbal reactions from senders and recipients making the engagement powerful or inadequate. Not just does a sender need to know about the dialect and setting they utilize, they additionally must know about non-verbal motion which is imperative to pass on feelings and comprehension them also.

Profit over family expense

Student’s Name

Professor’s Name



Profit over family expense

Businesses are operated with an aim of earning profits and make a living out of them. When an opportunity presents itself that can mean more profits for the enterprise it's always a tempting move; it means a better future for your business and family as well. What if the source of your new supplier which has enabled you to cut your costs significantly is in question? The dilemma sets in and as conscious business person ethical and moral issues linger in your mind.

Stories of business defilement and covetousness and wrongdoing in high places have continually captivated the mainstream press, and media enthusiasm for enterprises morals has never been higher. Be that as it may, one ought not to be deceived by the features and news reports. Not every ethical issue in business includes goliath partnerships and their all-around heeled officials, and few instances of business morals are broadly exposed. By far most of them include the unremarkable, uncelebrated moral difficulties that working men and ladies meet day by day. (William 4)

The moral issue is, therefore, a major concern in a business and cannot be overlooked. The future of an enterprise thus depends on the moral conduct being practiced by that business; for instance, if the merchandise to be acquired by the enterprise to earn that extra profit were stolen goods or had not reached the required health threshold. Then the business own will be at risk of harming his integrity and business as well, on the other hand, he will be putting the consumers of his products at a health risk. According to William the question, how are we to identify with one another keeping in mind the end goal to guarantee that our individual and aggregate prosperity is improved? Can only be answered by, the morality of an individual. (6)

Compromising your business means that even your lively hood is at risk and your family as well, your social respect and that of your family can be lost. Your business will be closed on grounds of handling health hazard foods or stolen merchandise. So before you take the risk of making profit use your conscience.

Let’s assume the costs of the business were cut by acquiring cheap questionable products from a vendor and the profits were being made how will you spend your profits? The best thing to do as a business owner is to invest in your own business. According to Milton when it comes to corporate social responsible Presumably, Probably, the people who are to be capable are representatives, which imply individual proprietors or corporate officials. (1) Since business is an artificial person created by law.

By carrying out social responsibility you elevating the social standards of the society, the society, in turn, sees your business as something to be supported and become loyal consumers of your products and service; with customer's loyalty more are to be attracted thus more sales which equate to high profits. More profits mean you can expand your business and at the same time taking care of your family will become easier. The other advantage of earning more profits is that you can invest in other business ventures, therefore, building your asset value.



Milton, Friedman. The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits. The New York Times September 13, 1970. Magazine

William H., Shaw. Moral Issues in Business. 2009

Servant Leadership

Servant Leadership

A leader is a person who is in a position to inspire and influence others action to achieve a particular goal. Southwest Airlines leaders served others; others, in this case, are their employees, customers and other stakeholders of the airline. Servant leadership is about being a listener showing empathy and setting examples of what you as a leader desire from your followers.
Southwest Airlines leadership is set on simple principles for instance; their mission statement states "treat others the way you expect them to treat you" and from that they treat their employees positively who in turn treat southwest customers well. With satisfied customers means good revenues which are a win for the management to the company owners. (Northouse, 2016)
The southwest airlines hostess was motivated to serve and empathetic to their client needs; she understood what it meant traveling for several hours with hungry children; noise and discomfort. Her simple act of buying food for the kids was a service to others from the Southwest Airlines a move inspired by servant leadership.
Southwest leadership has also served others by training their employees providing them with the necessary skills that make them useful. At the same time, the company does not have a hierarchy of making decisions. The workers are given enough power to do what they think is right. Thus, this is a form of decision-making acceleration process, the airline process of decision making is one that is activity based and not a job based hence, it is acquiring some qualities of decision accelerator.( Lawler, 2011) The decision-making process of Southwest Airlines was also a way of serving others; short time and efficient.
Servant leadership results rely on the leaders behaviors. Looking at Southwest Airlines starting from the follower performance and growth as an outcome; there have been positive performance and growth of the airlines employees, for instance, a secretary rose through ranks in the aviation industry without having a formal education in the industry that is Collen. The reason for her rise in the ranks in The Southwest Airlines was due the servant leadership which ensures she was helped to gain the necessary skills and knowledge in the airline industry. (Northouse, 2016)
The servant leadership also enables employee performance to improve, the management by providing necessary skills and knowledge to the employees they were controlling their performance. Therefore, the leadership understood the need for effective performance management which is important in achieving the objectives of the airline. (Lawler, 2011)
The organization performance has also been positive with the help of servant leadership the airlines have recorded profits for the last thirty-five years and counting still whereas other airlines are making losses. The growths of frequent fliers by the airline are increasing every year indicating good performance of the carrier. This performance of Southwest Airlines can only be attributed to servant leadership which in turn relates to customer satisfaction thus, loyalty.
Servant leadership has an outcome on how the society is impacted; Southwest airlines have been providing flight services to the society, their services have realized growth in numbers of users due its positive customer relation. They have also provided employments to the society, training them on how to understand others and be with empathy; this is a humane way of changing the whole society and with time servant leadership practice at Southwest airline is having an effect. (Northouse, 2016)

Lawler, III, E. E. & Worley, C. G. (2011). Management Reset: Organizing for Sustainable Effectiveness. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN: 9780470637982
Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: Theory and practice (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. ISBN: 9781506305288